Vitamins are essential nutrients that our body requires in small amounts. There are 13 vitamins that our body requires, and each vitamin plays a unique role in our body. For example, vitamin C is essential for the formation of collagen, which is a protein that is crucial for the growth and repair of our body tissues. Vitamin D is essential for the absorption of calcium, which is essential for the development and maintenance of our bones.
Minerals are inorganic substances that our body requires in small amounts. There are two types of minerals, macrominerals, and microminerals. Macrominerals are required in larger amounts, while microminerals are required in smaller amounts. For example, calcium is a macromineral that is essential for the development and maintenance of our bones. Iron is a micromineral that is essential for the formation of hemoglobin, which is a protein that carries oxygen in our blood.
Protein is a macronutrient that is essential for growth and repair of our body tissues. Proteins are made up of amino acids, and there are 20 different types of amino acids that our body requires. Our body can synthesize some amino acids, but we need to get the rest from our diet. For example, meat, fish, eggs, and dairy products are excellent sources of protein.
Amino acids are the building blocks of protein, and there are 20 different types of amino acids that our body requires. There are two types of amino acids, essential amino acids, and non-essential amino acids. Essential amino acids are the ones that our body cannot synthesize, and we need to get them from our diet. Non-essential amino acids are the ones that our body can synthesize.